guides, papers, thesis'es, dissertations, articles on zines [opens in extra page]

grrrl power and zine books           

books on how to do zines  and on zines in general

articles in newspapers and magazines

writing in academic journals

zines in libraries


Quotes by revolutionary grrrls, ladies and folks

list compiled by Elke
last update 03/27/2005

gRRRl power and zine books

Angel, Jen; Kucsma, Jason (eds.).The zine yearbook.
Soft Skull; distr. Publisher's Group West, 2003.

Auerbach, Kelli and Nina Bays. The Adventures of Trixie and Dinkidoo. ["It's a fanciful romp through one girl's discovery of masturbation."] 2004.

Baldauf, Anette/Weingartner, Katharina (Hg.): Lips. Tits. Hits. Power? Popkultur und Feminismus. Folio: Vienna/Bozen, 1998.

Baumgardner, Jennifer and Richards, Amy: ManifestA: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future. Farrar, Straus and Giroux: New York, 2000.

Block, Francesca Lia: Zine Scene. The do it yourself guide to zines. Girl Press: US, 1998.

Findlen, Barbara (Ed.): Listen up: Voices From the Next Feminist Generation.Seal Press: Seattle, 1995.

Gilbert, Laurel and Kile, Crystal: Surfergrrrls. Look, Ethel! An Internet Guide for Us!Seal Press: Washington, 1996.

Green, Karen und Taormino, Tristan (Hg.): A Girl's Guide to Taking Over the World: Writings from the Girl Zine Revolution. New York: St. Martin's Press 1997.

Juno, Andrea (Ed.): Re/Search #13, Angry Women.Re/Search Publications: San Francisco, 1991.

Kennedy, Pagan: Zine: How I Spent Six Years Of My Life in the Underground and Finally....Found Myself...I Think. New York: St. Martin's 1995.

Karp, Marcelle and Stoller, Debbie (Ed.): The BUST guide to the new girl order. Penguine Books: New York, 1999.

Raphael, Amy: Grrrls. Women Rewrite Rock. St. Martín's Griffin: New York, 1994.

Mitchell, Allyson, Lisa Bryn Rundle and Lara Karaian: Turbo Chicks. Talking Young Feminisms. Toronto: Sumach Press, 2001.


Sabin, Roger and Teal Triggs (Eds.): Below Critical Radar. Fanzines and Alternative Comics from 1976 to now. Hove: Slab-O-Concrete Publications, 2001.

Sherman, Aliza: Cybergrrl! A Women's Guide to the World Wide Web. Ballantine Books: New York, 1998.

Sherman, Aliza: cybergrrl@work. Tips and Inspiration for the Professional You. Berkley Publishing Group: New York, 2001.

Sinclair, Carla: Net Chick. A Smart-Girl Guide to the Wired World. New York: Henry Holt 1996.

Smith, Erica (Ed.): The Girl Fenzy Millennial. Hove: Slab-O-Concrete Publications, 1998.

Solomon, Rivka (Ed.): That Takes Ovaries! Bold Females and their Brazen Acts. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2002.

The Guerilla Girls. The Guerlla Girls' Bedside Companion to the History of Western Art. Penguin: New York, 1998.

Walker, Rebecca (Ed.): To be real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism.Anchor Books: New York, 1995.


books on how to do zines  and on zines in general

Block, Francesca Lia: Zine Scene. The do it yourself guide to zines.
Girl Press: US, 1998.

Brent, Bill: Make a Zine! A guide to self-publishing disguised as a book on how to produce a zine. Black Books: San Francisco, 1997.

Daly, Steven and Wice, Nathaniel: alt.culture. An a-to-z guide to the 90s-underground, online, and over-the counter. Kingston u. a.: Forth State 1995.

Friedman, R. Seth: The Factsheet Five Zine Reader: Dispatches from the Edge of the Zine Revolution.New York: Three Rivers Press 1997.

Gunderloy, Mike and Goldberg Janice, Cari: The World of Zines. A Guide to the Independent Magazine Revolution. Penguin Books: New York, 1992.

Romanesko, Jim: What are zines? American Journalism Review 1995.

Rowe, Chip (Ed.): The Book of Zines. Readings from the Fringe.
Henry Holt and Comnpany: New York, 1997.

Rowe, Chip (Ed.): Zine Books. (Anthologies, History and Interviews, How-to Guides, Children's)

Rowe, Chip (Ed.):
Print Zine Tips & Tricks.

Rowe, Chip (Ed.): E-Zine Tips & Tricks.

Rowe, Chip (Ed.): Zine Distribution.

Vale, V. (Hg.): Zines! Vol.I. and 2. San Francisco: V/Search 1996.


riot grrrl articles

Douglas, Nikki: Creating Zines on the Web: The RiotGrrl's Guide.
Peachpit Press, March 1998.

emplive: riot grrrl retrospective. "The EMP Collection houses a wide array of artifacts from the riot grrrl era - recordings, posters, photographs and fanzines, some of which are on display in Northwest Passage, a gallery that traces the history and development of a variety of Northwest musical movements. The Riot Grrrl Retrospective is an in-depth online exhibit that seeks to document and offer new insight into this important musical phenomenon. Uses streaming audio and video as well as artifacts and performance footage and presents the history of riot grrrl as told by the participants."

Villacorta, Claire: Zines for (a) Living. (pdf) Manila, Philippines. Note from the author: Zines For (A) Living" (January 2002) was initially published in Mr. & Ms. Magazine as part of this feminist insert called XYZine. The article was part of XYZine's themed issue on "alternative businesses", though I made it clear that no money can be made from zinemaking. Includes basic info on zines, local girl-authored zines in existence, distro highs and woes and getting zines on the internet.

Villacorta, Claire: Where's the Riot? Girl zinesters and girl scenesters in the Philippines (pdf) Manila, Philippines. Note from the author: "Where is the Riot? Girl zinesters and girl scenesters in the Philippines" on the other hand, was writtien for issue #4 of Sapling Thoughts zine (released May 2001). Sapling Thoughts is a feminist zine from Laguna, Philippines, and is published by Karen Ison. Here, I try to find a relationship between the Revolution Grrrl Style Now that took place in
the U.S. and the Pinay zines that came out in the '90s, most notably in 1996, given the cultural backdrop of a male-dominated punk scene and its longer history of zinemaking.

Webb, Susy. AFTER THE RIOT. Susy webb explores the origins and lasting effects of
The riot grrrl movement.
"DiSCORDER", Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. 2003.

(some of the following links are broken)
Hanna, Kathleen:
Jigsaw Youth. Written for Jigsaw Fanzine #4 (Spring 1991) Olympia, Washington.

Bikini Kill: From a booklet in the "give me back" ebullition compilation.

Bikini Kill: "A Color & Activity Book", Zine #1.

Bikini Kill: from Zine #2: DORK+cool=COOL=dorky.

Bikini Kill: True Love. Bikini Kill zine #2.

Bikini Kill: Riot Grrrl.

Cazz Blase (??): But what of us? (An article on the history of the Riot Grrrl movement)

writing in academic journals and other magazines

If you'd like to look at an extensive (alphabetically ordered) bibliography on Zines, Women's and Teen Magazines, Third Wave Feminism, Cultural Studies, etc. click here!

Grrrl zines, riot grrrl, grrrl (sub)culture

Alcantara-Tan, Sabrina Margarita. The herstory of Bamboo Girl zine.
Frontiers, V. 21, NOS. 1/2, pp. 159-170, 2000

Angerer, Marie-Luise: Rrrriot Girls and Angry Women. Stilvoll weiblich. In: Bailer, Noraldine/Horak, Roman (Hg.): Jugendkultur, Wien: WUV-Univ.-Verl. 1995, S. 171-188.

Armstrong, Jayne: "Web Grrrls, Guerilla Tactics: Young Feminisms on the Web." In: Gauntlett, David and Ross Horsely. Web.Studies.Arnold (UK) and Oxford University Press (USA), 2004, pp. 92-102.

Arthur, Nicole: rock women. In: alt.culture. An a-to-z guide to the 90s-underground, online, and over-the counter. Kingston u.a.: Forth State 1995, 208-209.

Bayerl, Katherine: Mags, Zines, and gURLs. The Exploding World of Girls’ Publications. Women’s Studies Quarterly. 29 (3-4) Fall Winter 2000: 287-292.

Bell, Brandi Leigh-Ann. Riding the Third Wave: Women-Produced Zines and Feminisms. Resources for Feminist Research/Documentation Sur La Recherche Feministe. 29 (3/4) 2002. 187-198.

Bell, Brandi Leigh-Ann. Women-produced zines: Moving into the mainstream. Canadian Women's Studies, V. 20/21, NO. 4/1, WINTER/SPRING, pp. 56-60, 2001.

Bleyer, J. 'Cut-and-Paste Revolution: Notes from the Girl Zine Explosion', in Labaton, Vivien and Martin, Dawn Lundy (eds.), The Fire This Time: Young Activists and the New Feminism. New York: Anchor Books, 2004.

Chu, Julie. Navigating the Media Environment: How Youth Claim a Place Through Zines. Social Justice. 24 (3) Fall 1997: 71-85.

Collins, Dana. ’No Experts – Guaranteed!’: Do-It-Yourself Sex Radicalism and the Production of the Lesbian Sex Zine Brat Attack. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 25 (1) 1999: 65-89.

Comstock, Michelle. Grrrl Zine Networks: Re-Composing Spaces of Authority, Gender, and Culture. JAC. 21 (2) 2001: 383-409.

Comstock, Michelle Robin. Re-mapping the Territory of 'youth': Youth-generated Sites of Rhetorical, Cultural, and Political Practice. DAI-A, 62(06): p. 2097, December 2001.

Cresser, Frances, Lesley Gunn and Helen Balme. Women's experiences of on-line e-zine publication. Media, Culture & Society. 23 (4) 2001. 457-473.

Duncan, Barabara J. Cyberfeminism, Zines, n’Grrls: Identity and Technology: Cyberfeminism in Online “Grrl Zines”. Master’s thesis at University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign. Online Web site. Available: (Accessed May 6, 2003).

Driscoll, Catherine. Girl culture, revenge and global capitalism: Cybergirls, Riot Grrls and Spice Girls. Australian Feminist Studies, V. 14, NO. 29, pp.173-191.

Ferris, Melanie A. Resisting mainstream media: Girls and the act of making zines. Canadian Women's Studies, V. 20/21, NO. 4/1, WINTER/SPRING, pp. 51-55, 2001.

Finders, MJ: Queens and teen zines: Early adolescent females reading their way toward adulthood. ANTHROPOLOGY & EDUCATION QUARTERLY 27 (1): 71-89 MAR 1996
Abstract: This article documents the reading of teen magazines by middle-class Euro-American seventh-grade girls. Examining the reading of teen zines as a literacy event provides an opportunity to explore how the girls perceive and construct their social roles and relationships as they enter a new cultural scene, the junior high school. Documenting this particular reading practice provides a window onto the complex social negotiations in operation as early adolescent females use literacy to shape emerging social roles. This study holds implications for literacy pedagogy that considers how textual representations serve to define and constrain social roles.

Fraser, M. L. Zine and Heard: Fringe Feminism and the Zines of the Third Wave. Feminist Collections 23 (4) 2002. 6-10.

Gilbert, Melissa Kesler CityGirls Project. Reimagining girlhood with urban teen zinestresses:
Pages from I Am and Grips.
Women's Studies Quarterly, V. 28, NO. 3/4, FALL/WINTER, pp. 42-53, 2000.

Gillilan, Cinda Lynn. Zine Fans, Zine Fiction, Zine Fandom: Exchanging the Mundane for a Woman-centered World. DAI-A, 60(04): p. 921, October 1999.

Gottlieb, Joanne/Wald, Gayle: Smells Like Teen Spirit. Riot Grrrls, Revolution und Frauen im Independent Rock. In: Eichorn, Cornelia/Grimm, Sabine (Hg.): Gender Killer. Texte zu Feminismus und Politik, Berlin: ID-Archiv 1994, S. 170-189.

Gottlieb, Joanne and Wald, Gayle: Smells Like Teen Spirit: Riot Grrrls, Revolution and Women in Independent Rock. In: Ross, Andrew and Rose, Tricia (Eds.): Microphone Fiends. Youth Music and Youth Culture. Routledge: New York/London, 1994, pp. 250-274.

Gustafson, Mary : "Grrrl power" sweeps the Web as women write for "zines". In: Infinetworld. April 18, 2000.

Guzzetti, Barbara and Margaret J. Gamboa. Zines for social justice: Adolescent girls writing on their own. Reading Research Quarterly, 1 August 2004, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 408-436 (29).

Haravon, Leslie Dinah. Gaining Respect: Fat Women and Resistance. DAI-A, 57(12): p. 5323, June 1997.

Harris, Anita. Is DIY DOA? Zines and the Revolution, Grrrl-Style. Australian Youth Subcultures: On the Margins and in the Mainstream, Rob White (ed), National Clearinghouse for Youth Studies: Hobart, 1998

Harris, A. Not Drowning or Waving: Young Feminism and the Limits of the Third Wave Debate. Outskirts, May, 2001.

Harris, A. ‘Revisiting Bedroom Culture: Spaces for Young Women’s Politics’. Hecate, 27, (1): 128-138, 2001.

Harris, A. ‘Riding My Own Tidal Wave: Young Women’s Feminist Work’. Canadian Women’s Studies Journal, Special Issue: ‘Young Women: Feminists, Activists, Grrrls’, Winter/Spring, 20/21, (4/1): 27-31, 2001.

Harris, A. ‘gURL Scenes and Grrrl Zines: Girlhood, Power and Risk Under Late Modernity’. Feminist Review, 75, November, 2003.

Kaltefleiter, Caroline K.: Revolution Girl Style Now: Trebled Reflexivity and the Riot Grrrl Network. Dissertation. Ohio University, 1995.

Kearney, Mary Celeste: The Missing Links: Riot Grrrl - feminism - lesbian culture. In: Whiteley, Sheila (Ed.): Sexing the Groove: Popular Music and Gender. Routledge: London/New York, 1997, pp. 207-229.

Kearney, Mary Celeste: Producing Girls: Rethinking the Study of Female Youth Culture.In: Inness, Sherrie A. (Ed.): Delinquents and Debutantes: Twentieth-Century American Girls' Cultures. New York University Press: New York/London, 1998, 285-310.

Klein, Melissa: Duality and Redefinition: Young Feminism and the Alternative Music Community. In: Heywood, Leslie and Drake, Jennifer: Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, 1997, pp. 207-225.

Leonard, Marion: Paper planes: travelling the new grrrl geographies. In: Skelton, Tracey and Valentine, Gill: Cool Places: Geographies of youth cultures. Routledge: London, 1998, pp.101-118.

Leonard, Marion: 'Rebel Girl, you are the Queen of my World': Feminism, 'subculture' and grrrl power. In: Whiteley, Sheila (Ed.): Sexing the Groove: Popular Music and Gender. Routledge: London/New York, 1997, pp. 230-255.

Reynolds, Simon/Press, Joy: There's a riot going on: grrrls against boy-rock. In: The Sex Revolts. Gender, Rebellion and Rock'n'roll, London: Serpent's Tail, 1995, S.324-331.

Richardson, Angela. Come On, Join the Conversation: ‘Zines as a Medium for Feminist Dialogue and Community Building.’ Feminist Collections. 7 (3-4) Spring/Summer 1996: 10-14.

Santiago, Maria Ana Manalo. Young Women: On the Line. [Six young women from different countries talk about their experiences, role models, views of the women’s movement and older feminists, and their involvement or non-involvement in the women’s movement, among them Claire Villacorta, zine editor/writer for Jawbreaker, Philippines.] Women in Action: “Young Women.” Isis International-Manila, Phillippines (2) 2003.

Sinor, Jennifer. Another Form of Crying: Girl Zines as Life Writing. Prose Studies, Numbers 1-2/April-August, 2003, vol. 26, no. 1-2, pp. 240-264 (25).

Starr, Chelsea: Because: Riot Grrrl. Social Movements, Art Worlds, and Style. Dissertation. University of California, Irvine, 1999.

Stern, Susannah R. Virtually Speaking: Girls’ Self-Disclosure on the WWW. Women’s Studies in Communication. 25 (2) 2002: 223-253.

Schilt, Kristen. ’I'll Resist With Every Inch and Every Breath: Girls and Zine Making as a Form of Resistance.” Youth & Society. 35 (1) 2003. 71-97.

Schilt, Kristen. "A little too ironic": The appropriation and packaging of Riot Grrrl politics by mainstream female musicians. Popular Music and Society, Feb 2003.

The big rumpus: A mother's tale from the trenches (2002). Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering, V. 5, NO. 2, FALL/WINTER, pp. 192-193, 2003. Review of: Ayun, Halliday; The big rumpus: A mother's tale from the trenches (2002) Reviewed by: Payette,Patricia R.

Triggs, Teal. Liberated Spaces. Identity Politics and Anti-Consumerism. Below Critical Radar. Fanzines and Alternative Comics from 1976 to Now. Roger Sabin and Teal Triggs, eds. Hove: Slab-O-Concrete, 2002. 33-42.

Zobl, Elke: To do a magazine is one of our ways - to get what we want! Feministische Comic- und Artcore-(Maga-)Zines. In: Neumann, Jens (Ed.): Fanzines 2: Noch wissenschaftlichere Betrachtungen zum Medium der Subkulturen. Ventil-Verlag: Mainz 1999, 29-64.

Zobl, E. Do-It-Yourself: Feministische künstlerische Praxis am Beispiel von Zines und Magazinen. MA thesis. Institut fuer Bildnerische Erziehung und Kunstwissenschaft. Akademie der Bildenden Künste Wien (Austria), 1999.

Zobl, E. Let's Smash Patriarchy! Zine Grrrls and Ladies at Work. Off our backs. The feminist newsjournal. Washington, DC. XXXIII (3-4) March/April 2003. 60-61.

Zobl, E. Sparking Revolutions in Minds and Hearts. Women in Action: Young Women.” Isis International-Manila, Phillippines (2) 2003.

Zobl. E. The Global Grrrl Zine Network: A DIY Feminist Revolution for Social Change. Dissertation. Institut für Wissenschaften und Technologien in der Kunst, Akademie der Bildenden Künste Wien (Austria), 2003.

Grrrls, Internet and Zines

Armstrong, Jayne: "Web Grrrls, Guerilla Tactics: Young Feminisms on the Web."
In: Gauntlett, David and Ross Horsely. Web.Studies.Arnold (UK) and Oxford University Press (USA), 2004, pp. 92-102.

Chandler, Janina. Chick Clicks and Politics: An Exploration of Third Wave Feminist Ezines on the Internet. Masters Abstracts International, 41(02): p. 337, April 2003.

Duncan, Barabara J.: Cyberfeminism, Zines, n'Grrls: Identity and Technology: Cyberfeminism in Online "Grrl Zines". University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign.

Eichhorn, Kathleen. Cyborg Grrrls: New Technologies, Identities, and Community in the Production of 'zines. Masters Abstracts International, 35(05): p. 1091, October 1997.

Scott, Krista: "Girls Need Modems!" Cyberculture and Women's Ezines. Master's Research Paper, York Univeristy, 1998.

Scott-Dixon, Krista. The all-girl on-line revolution.Herizons, V. 15, NO. 1, SUMMER, pp. 24-26, 2001.

Scott-Dixon, Krista. Ezines and feminist activism: Building a community. Resources for Feminist Research, V. 27, NO. 1/2, SPRING/SUMMER, pp. 127-132, 1999.

Wakeford, Nina: Networking Women and Grrrls with Information/ Communications Technology: surfing tales on the world wide web. In: Terry, Jennifer and Calvert, Melodie (Ed.): Processed lives: gender and technology in everyday life. Routledge: London, 1997, pp. 49-66.


Zines, Feminism and Third Wave Feminism

Baumgardner, Jennifer and Richards, Amy: ManifestA: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future.
Farrar, Straus and Giroux: New York, 2000.

Chandler, Janina. Chick Clicks and Politics: An Exploration of Third Wave Feminist Ezines on the Internet. Masters Abstracts International, 41(02): p. 337, April 2003.

Frederick, Jenn: Breaking the Waves: Continuities and Discontinuities Between Second and Third Wave Feminism. A thesis in progress (web site)

Garrison, Ednie Kaeh: U.S. Feminism - Grrrl Style! Youth (Sub)cultures and the Technologies of the Third Wave. Feminist Studies 26, No. 1, Spring 2000, 141-170.

Gillis, Stacy: Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration. Palgrave Macmillan, September 2004. Synopsis/Annotation: This timely, thoughtful and provocative collection explores the current period in feminism, known by many as the "third wave". Four sections--genealogies, sex and gender, popular culture, and challenges--interrogate the wave metaphor and, through questioning the generational account of feminism, move feminist theory beyond the present impasse between modernism and postmodernism and indicate possible future trajectories for the feminist movement.

Henry, Astrid: Not My Mother's Sister: Generational Conflict and Third-Wave Feminism. Indiana University Press, December 2004.

Heywood, Leslie and Drake, Jennifer: Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, 1997.

Inness, Sherrie A. (Ed.): Delinquents and Debutantes: Twentieth-Century American Girls' Cultures. New York University Press: New York/London, 1998.

Nicholas, Lucy: "What fucked version of hello kitty are you?” : or: Is Hello Kitty as a logo for third-wave riot grrrl feminism merely mainstream gender hegemony in disguise? In: M/C: A Journal of Media and Culture, 6, June 19, 2003.

Orr, Catherine M.: Charting the Currents of the Third Wave. In: Hypatia, Vol. 12, No. 3, Summer 1997, 29-45.

Piano, Doreen: Congregating Women: Reading 3rd Wave Feminist Practices in Subcultural Production. Issue 4, Spring 2002: CYBERFEMINISMS.

Richardson, Angela: Come On, Join the Conversation: 'Zines as a Medium for Feminist Dialogue and Community Building". Feminist Collections, Vol.17, No. 3-4, Spring/Summer, 1996, 10-14.

Siegel, Deborah Lynn. 'The Personal is Political': Travels of a Slogan in Second and Third Wave Feminism (Betty Friedan) DAI-A, 62(11): May 2002.

Soccio, Lisa. From Girl to Woman to Grrrl: (Sub)Cultural Intervention and Political Activism in the Time of Post-Feminism. Invisible Culture. An Electronic Journal for Visual Studies, Issue 2: Interrogating Subcultures, 1999.

Walker, Rebecca (Ed.): To be real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism. Anchor Books: New York, 1995.


On Zines in general

Alcaraz Hernández, José Andrés : El diseño gráfico en el fanzine y webzine. Tesis, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTÓNOMA DE MÉXICO, ESCUELA NACIONAL DE ARTES PLÁSTICAS, México D. F. septiembre 2003.

Barreiro, Roberto: Historia de los Fanzines de Historieta en Argentina. Libros En Red, 2001.

Boellstorff, T.: Zines and zones of desire: Mass-mediated love, national romance, and sexual citizenship in gay indonesia. JOURNAL OF ASIAN STUDIES 63 (2): 367-402 MAY

Büsser, Martin: Musikmagazine und Fanzines in Deutschland. In: Testcard #2, April 1996, S. 174-189.

Congdon, Kristin G. and Doug Blandy: Zinesters in the Classroom: Using Zines to Teach about Postmodernism and the Communication of Ideas. Art Education 56, no3, 44-52, May 2003.

Duncombe, Stephen: Notes from Underground: Zines and the poltics of alternative culture.Verso: London/New York, 1997.

Duncombe, Stephen: Let's all be Alienated Together: Zines and the Making of Underground Community. In: Austin, Joe and Willard, Nevin Michael: Generations of Youth: Youth Cultures and History in Twentieth-Century. New York University Press: New York, 1998, pp. 427-451.

Duncombe, Stephen: “Introduction” to The Zine Yearbook, New York: Soft Skull Press, 2003

Duncombe, Stephen: "I'm a Loser Baby: Zines and the Creation of Underground Identity," in Hop on Pop: The Politics and Pleasures of Popular Culture, Henry Jenkins et al., eds., North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2003.

Duncombe, Stephen: "Notes from Underground" in Alternative Library Literature, Biennial Anthology 1994/1995, Sanford Berman and James P. Danky, eds., Jefferson, NC and London, McFarland & Co., 1996

Duncombe, Stephen: "Zines," in The Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, Tom Pendergast and Sara Pendergast, eds. 5 vols. Farmington Hills, MI: St. James Press, 1999.

Duncombe, Stephen (ed.):
Cultural Resistance Reader. London and New York: Verso, 2002.

Duncombe, Stephen: DIY Nike Style. Zines and the corporate world. Z Magazine. Dec 1999.

KNOBEL, M and LANKSHEAR, C (2001) Cut, paste, publish: The production and consumption of zines. (accessed 16 August 2004)

Lankshear, Colin and Michele Knobel: Steps toward a Pedagogy of Tactics. Keynote paper prepared for the National Council of English Teachers’ Assembly for Research Mid-Winter Conference. New York, February 22-24, 2002.

Eichhorn, Kate: Sites unseen: ethnographic research in a textual community. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education (QSE); Jul 2001, Vol. 14, Issue 4, p565, 14p.

HAYNES, R (1995) The Football Imagination: The Rise of Football Fanzine Culture. Aldershot: Arena.

Higgs, M.: 'Zines for a day - The other art press (The art world of the '80s as seen through ZG and Real Life magazine). ARTFORUM 41 (7): 79-+ MAR 2003.

Knobel, Michele and Colin Lankshear: Cut, Paste, Publish: The Production and Consumption of Zines. Paper presented at the State of the Art Conference, Athens, Georgia. January 25-28, 2001.

Neumann, Jens (Ed.): Fanzines. Wissenschaftliche Betrachtungen zum Thema. Mainz: Ventil Verlag, 1997.

Neumann, Jens (Ed.): Fanzines 2: Noch wissenschaftlichere Betrachtungen zum Medium der Subkulturen. Ventil-Verlag: Mainz 1999.

Ordway, Nico: History of Zines. In: Vale, V. (Hg.): Zines! Vol.I. San Francisco: V/Search 1996.

OPPENHEIM, C et al (1999) 'Copyright and Internet Fanzines', Aslib Proceedings, vol. 51 no. 9, pp. 290-301

Poletti, Anna: Life Writing in Zines: Memory, Public Spaces and Intimacy. Presented as part of Critical Animals, October 2003. New Media Poetics, University of Newcastle - Australia. Issue 3 - Critical Animals - May 2004.

Smith, Matthew J.: Strands in the Web: Community-Building Strategies in Online Fanzines.In: Journal of Popular Culture, Vol. 33.2, Fall 1999, pp.87-99.

Williamson, Judith: Engaging Resistant Writers Through Zines in the Classroom. Delivered at the College Composition and Communication Conference annual convention, Nashville, TN, March 1994.

Wan, Amy J. : Not Just for Kids Anymore: Using Zines in the Classroom. Radical Teacher, no. 55, 15-19, 1999.

Ware, Ianto : An Introduction to Zines and Their Definition. Presented as part of Critical Animals, October 2003. New Media Poetics, University of Newcastle - Australia. Issue 3 - Critical Animals - May 2004.

WRIGHT, F (2001) From Zines To Ezines: Electronic Publishing and the Literary Underground. PhD Thesis, Kent State University. (accessed 15 August 2004)


libraries collecting alternative media and zines

(Most references compiled by Annie Knight, May 2004 and by Kate Perris, January 2005- Many thanks! see also Annie's research paper and Kate's thesis on zines in libraries)

Articles and books:

ARDITO, S C (1999) 'The Alternative Press: Newsweeklies and zines", Database, vol. 22 no. 3, pp 14-22.

Atton, C. (1996). Alternative literature: A practical guide for librarians. Hampshire, England: Gower Publishing Limited.

AUL, B (1995) 'Zines versus the serials librarian', Serials Review, vol. 21 no. 2, pp. 81-82.

Barabtarlo, Masha: How does one use the Dublin Core metadata format to encode a collection of 'zines (as well as a book, a journal article, and a website related to this topic)? Inquiry Page Project, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 2004 (?)

Bartel, J. (2003, July/August). The Salt Lake City Public Library zine collection. Public Libraries, 42(4), 232-238.

Bartel, J. From A To Zine: Building A Winning Zine Collection In Your Library. American Library Association (August 31, 2004).
Libraries eager to serve the underserved teen-to-twenty year old market can make the library a cool place to hang out. All it takes are Zines, according to the author, young adult librarian Julie Bartel. Zines and alternative press materials provide a unique bridge to appeal to disenfranchised youth, alienated by current collections. For librarians unfamiliar with the territory, or anxious to broaden their collection, veteran zinester Bartel establishes the context, history and philosophy of zines, then ushers readers through an easy, do-it-yourself guide to creating a zine collection, including both print and electronic zines. While zines have their unique culture, they are also important within broader discussions of intellectual freedom and the Library Bill of Rights. Teen and young adult librarians, high school media specialists, academic librarians, reference, and adult services librarians will uncover answers to questions about this new and growing literary genre: What is a zine and how does a library zine collection work? What are the pros and cons of having a zine collection in the library? When promoting zines, what appeals to patrons and non-library users alike? What is the best way to catalog and display? Where can libraries get zines and how much do they cost? Bartel shares these lessons and more from a major urban library zine collection, as well as a comprehensive directory of zine resources in this one-stop, one-of-a-kind guide. (from

Bartel, Julie: Zines in Your Library. ALA Editions, August 2004. ISBN: 0-8389-0886-1.

BASINSKI, M (1995) 'Poetry zines', Serials Review, vol. 21 no. 2, pp. 84-86

BERG, S (2004) 'Zine Saver" in The Washington Post [WWW] (accessed 15 August 2004)

CARLSON, S (2004) 'Do-it-Yourself Journalism', [WWW], (accessed 19 July 2004)

CHEPESIUK, R. (1997) 'The zine scene: Libraries preserve the latest trend in publishing', American Libraries, vol. 28 no. 2, pp. 68-70

Chepesiuk, R. (1997). Libraries preserve the latest trend in publishing: Zines. American Libraries, February 1997, 58-62.

DAVIS, B. (2003) 'ZAPPed: collecting 'zines' as a document of our times' in The Seattle Times [WWW] (accessed 19 January 2004)

DENDO, K (2002) 'Fugitive Literature in the Cross Hairs', Collection Management 27(2) pp 75-86

DIY in the Stacks: Theory and practice of preserving Zine Culture in Libraries. Panel discussion with Cristina Favretto, Annie Knight and Elke Zobl. The National Popular Culture Association conference, San Diego, California. March 26, 2005.

DODGE, C (1994) 'Alternative Sex: Some Zines, Comics, Books and Sources' in Berman, S and Danky, J eds, Alternative Library Literature 1992/1993: A Biennial Anthology, London: McFarland.

DODGE, C. (1995) ' Pushing the boundaries: Zines and Libraries', Wilson Library Bulletin, vol. 69 no. 9, pp. 26-30

Dodge, C. (1998). Taking libraries to the street: Infoshops & alternative reading Rooms. American Libraries, May 1998, 62-64.

GREEN, R (1999) 'Football information services: fanzines, "Match of the Day" and the modem', Aslib Proceedings, vol. 51 no. 1, pp. 20-29

HALL, H et al (1997) 'You'll wish it was all over: the bibliographic control of grey literature with reference to print football fanzines', Serials, vol. 10 no. 2, pp. 189-194

HERRADA, J (1995) 'The balance point - Zines in Libraries: a Culture Preserved', Serials Review, vol. 21 no. 2, pp. 79-81

KUCSMA, J (2002) 'Countering marginalization: incorporating zines into the library', in Library Juice 5:6 Supplement, February 14, 2002 [WWW] (19 January 2004)

MEANS, G (2002) Zine Librarian Zine #1, Portland, self-published

MEANS, G (2003) Zine Librarian Zine #2, Portland, self-published

MORAN, B (1992) 'Going Against the Grain: a Rationale for the Collection of Popular Materials in Academic Libraries', The Acquisitions Librarian no 8 pp 3-12

Perris, Kate. Unearthing the underground: a comparative study of zines in libraries. Dissertation for the MA in Information Services Management at London Metropolitan University, August 2004. See pdf file.
Abstract: This study examined the treatment of zine collections in various libraries. Most were academic libraries based in the US but data was also obtained on public and UK based libraries. An open questionnaire was administered via email to staff in libraries hosting zine collections. This questionnaire found that zine collections vary greatly in size. Most collections were broad in focus although a few collected only geographically local zines and all the libraries focussed on women's collections collected zines either about or by women only. Most zine collections were found to have begun due to the impetus of a committed individual or on receipt of a significant donation of zines. Donation was also found to be the main method of obtaining new zines. Reasons given for collecting zines including documenting a wide range of viewpoints and experiences (particularly women's experiences) and encouraging creativity. Most collections sought to catalogue zines individually although only a few have done so and this has proved difficult given an absence of clear bibliographic information. Nevertheless librarians in this field have demonstrated that they have the will to overcome such difficulties.

SALLIE BINGHAM CENTER FOR WOMEN'S HISTORY AND CULTURE (2001) "Zillions of Zines: the Sarah Dyer Collection", Women at the Center, issue 1, (accessed 11 July 2004)

SCHUMAN, P (1982) 'Libraries and Alternatives', pp 1-5 in Danky & Shore (eds) Alternative Materials in Libraries, London: Scarecrow Press

SHORE, E (1982) 'Reference service for alternative publications', pp 67-83 in Danky & Shore (eds) Alternative Materials in Libraries, London: Scarecrow Press

TRUSKY, T (1995) 'In Medias Zines', Serials Review, vol. 21 no. 2, pp 86-88

Stoddart RA, Kiser: Zines and the library. LIBRARY RESOURCES & TECHNICAL SERVICES 48 (3): 191-198 JUL 2004
Abstract: Zines, loosely defined as self-published magazines, provide a cultural insight to the time in which they are published, making them a genre that libraries may want to consider collecting. Due to their ephemeral nature, however they create collecting, cataloging, and preserving challenges to libraries. Few libraries across the country have met these challenges and maintain zine collections. Although no two libraries met the challenges in the same way, their unique approaches to zinc collections may inspire other librarians to investigate the appropriateness and feasibility of zinc collections.

Weisbard, Phyllis Holman. SPOTLIGHT: A FEMINIST LIBRARY ZINE. Feminist Collections.
Madison: Fall 2003.Vol.25, Iss. 1; pg. 45

WOOTEN, K (2002) Women's zines in the Sarah Dyer Zine Collection (Master's paper, School of Library and Information Science of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), (accessed 13 April 2004).

Zobel, C. (1999). Zines in public libraries. Counterpoise, April1999, 5-10.

Web Sites:

American Library Association. (2004). Library bill of rights. Retrieved March 23, 2004, from librarybillrights.htm

Dodge, C. A zine-ography: An annotated list of books and articles about Zines. (1998). Retrieved March 12, 2004, fromé/7423/zineot2.html

Independent Publishing Resource Center. (n.d.). Search. Retrieved March 23, 2004,from

San Diego State University Library and Information Access. (2004, January 8). West coast zine collection: Finding aid. Retrieved March 25, 2004, from

San Francisco Public Library. (n.d.). Little maga/zine collection. Retrieved March 31, 2004, from

Mailing list:

Zine librarians: <This list is exchanging information and ideas about zine librarianship: collection, shelving, preservation, cataloging, classification, programming, scholarship, publication, fundraising, etc. All zine librarians and archivists are welcome: public, academic, unaffiliated, etc.>



Harold, Kara: Grrlyshow. 18 min, 2001 (distributed by Women Make Movies,

"An 18 minute explosion of fringe feminism and print media, "Grrlyshow" is a powerful and rebellious message from new voices often left unheard. Filmmaker Kara Herold examines the girly Zine revolution and culture in such a way that the film intellectually and stylistically addresses anyone's question concerning whether or not feminism has reached its 3rd wave: the postmodern. By interweaving head-shot interviews, clips from the zines and 1950's television-esque vignettes, Herold clearly illustrates feminism's ability to exist within a system that generally doesn't give women their own voice. "Grrlyshow" successfully brings to the surface alternative voices and projects that are vital to the continuation and expansion of feminism....Kara Herold is a filmmaker and videomaker from San Francisco. Her latest video Grrlyshow is a film about girl zines and their makers. The video was completed in January 2001 and is being distributed by Women Make Movies and has screened at Sundance, Mill Valley Film Festival, Film Arts Foundation Festival, and Women in the Director's Chair." (from the web site.)


Quotes by revolutionary grrrls, ladies and folks

“The truth is, you and I are the stuff that great leaders are made of. We don’t have to wait for a distinguished white man on a horse or a politician wealthy enough to win office in a multimillion dollar campaign to usher in justice and equality. The ranks of rebellions and revolutions that have shaped human history have been made up of people like you and me. (…) The people who make a difference are those who fight for freedom – not because they’re guranteed to succeed – but because it’s the right thing to do. And that’s the kind of fighters that history demands today. Not those who worship the accomplished fact. Not those who can only believe in what is visible today. But instead, people of conscience who dedicate their lives to what needs to be won and what can be won.”
(Leslie Feinberg, Trans Liberation 1998)

“I am who I am
by my standards.
Kelly from Supergirl zine.

“I am not a pretty girl, that’s not what I do.”
Ani DiFranco

„If writing is revolutionary,
just being honest and talking
about your life is revolutionary.
If everyone did that, it’d change things.
If you start to chip away at walls that are within you,
you’ll eventually get revolutionary writing.“
In: Rosenberg, Jessica:
Riot Grrrl: Revolutions from Within.

“I always thought that self-empowerment
is the most important part of zine-making.
That ability to express yourself and learn about yourself is so important, and there aren’t that many opportunities for girls to empower themselves… And the great thing about girl zines, and other girl-power-related acts (…)
is that anyone can do them –
it’s a road to empowerment that is available to anyone.”
Sarah Dyer

“To do a magazine
is one of our ways –
to get
what we want!”
Ina Wudtke
Editor of the zine Neid, Berlin

“revolution is about understanding myself”
From the zine Merge disorder, USA.

Feminism is for everybody
bell hooks, 2000.

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